Children in employment

In accordance with the by-laws regulating employment of children made under the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 as amended by the Education Act 1944 to 1962 and the Children and Young Persons Act 1963, application must be made to the Local Authority for permission to work before work is undertaken.

Information for employers

The following abridged information has been prepared for the benefit of traders and others who wish to employ children in permitted employment. For further information contact the Child Licensing Officer on 020 8487 5217.

Prohibited employments

Bye-law 1: No child shall be employed in any of the following occupations:

  • In the kitchen of any hotel, cook shop, fried fish shop, eating house or refreshment room.
  • As a marker, attendant, or assistant in any billiard or bagatelle salon, or other place used or licensed for games or in any registered club.
  • In or in connection with the sale of intoxicating liquors, except in places where such liquors are sold exclusively in sealed vessels.
  • In collecting or sorting rags scrap metal or refuse.
  • As an attendant or assistant in premises or fair-ground used for the purpose of public amusement by means of automatic machines, mutoscopes shooting ranges, games of chance or skill or similar devices.
  • In any slaughterhouse
  • In or in connection with any racing course or track or other place where any like sport is carried on (or as an assistant in any business conducted therein)
  • In any agricultural work involving heavy strain.
  • In or about the sale or delivery of paraffin, turpentine or turpentine substitute (also known as white spirit), methylated spirit or petroleum spirit.
  • In touting or selling form door to door.
  • In window cleaning, except as part of and incidental to light house work.

Note: by section 18 (1) of the Children and Young Persons Act and 1933, no child may be employed to lift carry or move anything so heavy as likely to cause injury to him or herself.

By sections (1) and 3(2) of the Employment of Women, Young Persons and Children Act, 1920, no child may be employed in any industrial undertaking other than one in which only members of the same family are employed.

Regulations of Employment

Bye law 3 - no child under the age of 13 shall be employed provided that subject to the provisions for these bye-law(s) a child who has attained the age of 12 years may be employed by his parentor guardian in light agricultural or horticultural work.

Bye law 4 - subject to the provisions of Bye-law 5, no child shall be employed on school days except between the hours of 5pm and 7pm.

Bye law 5 - A child who has attained the age of 13 may be employed before school between 7am and 8am in the delivery of milk and other goods carried by a milk round person or newspapers but if employed shall not also by employed after school hours except for a period of not more than one hour which shall be between the hours of 5pm and 7pm.

Bye law 6 - No child shall be employed on any Saturday or other school holiday before 7am or after 7pm or for more than 4 hours if her is under the age of 15 years or more than 8 hours if he has attained the age of 15 years

Bye law 7 - No child to be employed on Sunday except in the delivery of milk or newspapers and then only for not more than 2 hours between 7am and 10am

Bye law 8 - No child shall be employed in any week for more than 20 hours if he is under the age or 15 years or for more than 30 hours if he has attained the age of 15 years.

Bye law 9 - The employers shall send to the local authority on the first day of November and the first day of May in every year a notification in respect of each child employed by him on that date.

Bye law 10 - any person who employs a child in any work out of doors shall see that he has provided during the course of his employment with footwear and clothing sufficient to protect him from inclement weather.

(i) The expression “Child” means a person who is not over compulsory school age. (For definitions see Bye-law 1)

(ii) Tt is desirable for employers to insure themselves against any claims that any child

Employees may be able to bring against them both from their own point of view and that of the employee.

(iii) A child may not be employed in any occupation which the School Medical Officer considers to be prejudicial to his / her health or physical development and which might render him / her unfit to obtain proper benefit from his education.

Updated: 14 February 2018