The European Parliament is made up of 736 Members (MEPs) elected by 27 EU member countries. In the UK, there are 12 European electoral regions represented by between three and ten MEPs making a total of 72 MEPs. Prior to EU expansion, this number of MEPs was 78.
MEPs spend some of their time in their regional constituencies in the UK and some of their time in political meetings in Brussels. For one week in every month they go to Strasbourg to debate and vote on new European laws with MEPs from other EU member countries.
In a UK European Parliamentary election, you have one vote to elect all of your MEPs. Each party puts forward a regional list of candidates and you vote for one of these or for an individual candidate standing as an independent. The number of MEPs that are elected from each party to represent a region depends on the overall share of votes that each party receives.
The whole of London elects eight of these members on a party list system. The voter selects a political party or individual independent candidate and the eight seats are distributed in proportion to the votes cast over the whole of London. Prior to EU expansion, this number of MEPs was nine.
Elections for the European Parliament take place every five years. The most recent one was on 22 May 2014. View results.
Updated: 9 May 2017