The key to the success of these Biodiversity Action Plans is their implementation. We are fortunate in this Borough to have the support of many local groups, individuals, statutory agencies and land managers who work together to play an important role in the protection and enhancement of these species and habitats. The LBAP sets out the practical ways in which each person can play their part in the Biodiversity Action Planning process.
Acid grassland refers to the types of sward that develop over acidic soils, which are usually derived from underlying sands and gravels, are free-draining and low in nutrients.
Veteran trees can be defined as ‘trees, which by virtue of their great age, size or condition for that species are of exceptional value culturally, in the landscape or for wildlife.
Bats are highly adapted nocturnal mammals – the only mammals to have evolved powered flight.
Richmond is nationally important for its broadleaved woodland biodiversity. At the heart of the borough is Richmond Park that is a National Nature Reserve (NNR), Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and European Special Area of Conservation (SAC), in addition, the borough includes Bushy Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew which is a World Heritage Site.
Since 1945 there has been a sharp decline of the amount of hedgerows throughout the UK at a net loss of 5% per annual, due to their removal and neglect. The diversity of flora and fauna that hedgerows attract means that hedgerows are in the unique position of containing 47 species that are of environmental concern within the UK, 13 of which are also globally threatened species.
Mistletoe grows best in open landscapes like gardens, streets and parklands; and seldom on oaks. In Bushy Park and Home Park, beside Hampton Court Palace, are some of the best growths of mistletoe to be seen anywhere in London:
19% of the Borough of Richmond is covered by private gardens and they link many of the important wildlife sites together, forming important corridors for wildlife of all shapes and sizes.
Reedbeds in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames occur at the margins of all kinds of water bodies and alongside several other habitats, including wet woodlands and willow-dominated scrub.
The song thrush is a common and widespread species throughout the United Kingdom. Both sexes are alike, with adult birds having warm brown back and upper parts and distinctive blackish-brown spots on the yellowish-white lower throat and breast.
The stag beetle is Britain’s largest terrestrial (ground-living) beetle, reaching up to 7cm in length. Featuring shiny chestnut-violet wing-cases, the stag beetle is characterised by possessing large mandibles (jaws), which are antler-shaped in the male, giving them their common name.
The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is unique among the London Boroughs in extending both north and south of the River Thames.
Tidal Thames habitat action plan (SWLEN website)
Tower mustard (Arabis glabra) is a biennial or sometimes short-lived perennial plant of disturbed habitats on free-draining, sandy soils in grassy and wasteland places. It is a member of the cabbage family and it has smooth, grey-green leaves and produces pale yellow flowers on stems 30-100 centimetres tall.
The Water Vole is potentially an excellent flagship species, whose presence reflects healthy waterside habitats and their associated plant communities.
Water vole species action plan (SWLEN website)
Updated: 17 December 2013